It is a good idea to have your development environment be as close to your production environment as possible, without getting in your way. For example setting up SSL in your development environment helps you to fix mixed content warnings so there are no surprises when you move to staging or production, and doesn't train you to click through SSL warnings in your browser.
This walkthrough will show you how to create, trust, and install a self signed certificate in your development web server, and setup your DNS to redirect all your development traffic back to your development box.
If you installed nginx with brew and you started it as a service brew services start nginx then you can issue: brew services restart nginx. Improve this answer. Follow answered Dec 31 '19 at 9:25. Doublesaces doublesaces. 11 1 1 bronze badge. Add a comment Your Answer. Brew info package We can use brew info package to show detail about a specified installed package. Brew info nginx For example, the below command shows the detail about the brew install nginx package. Sudo launchctl load -w /Library/LaunchDaemons/homebrew.mxcl.nginx.plist Now, sudo brew services list shows a running nginx process. Name Status User Plist nginx started root /Library/LaunchDaemons/homebrew.mxcl.nginx.plist Running brew services list without root will result in an error status, because you need to be root to read the status.
Mac下用brew安装nginx 1. Nginx engine x is an HTTP and reverse proxy server, a mail proxy server, and a generic TCP/UDP proxy server. 从niginx基本介绍上看到Other HTTP server features中有一项: FLV and MP4 streaming; 可知nginx也支持流媒体. Install your RubyGems with gem and their dependencies with brew. “To install, drag this icon” no more. Homebrew Cask installs macOS apps, fonts and plugins and other non-open source software. $ brew install-cask firefox. Making a cask is as simple as creating a formula.
Prepare the System
Assumptions: you are using the Bash shell, have admin rights to your computer, and are using Firefox, Chrome, or Safari. Ensure that OpenSSL, Passenger, Dnsmasq, and optionally Nginx or Apache are installed.
Follow these instructions to install Passenger; you may have to adjust the settings to your desired config, for example using Passenger Enterprise or OSS.
|Red Hat, CentOS, Fedora, Amazon Linux, Scientific Linux|
Software versions used in this article:
To check the versions of the packages you have installed you can use the following commands:
|Application||Version||Linux Command||Mac Command|
When setting up a development environment with SSL it is better practice to use a self signed certificate, and leave your real certificate/key pair somewhere safe and encrypted, preferably on offline storage like a thumb drive in a safe place. In order to create a certificate that works and makes development convenient, you need to edit the
openssl.cnf file. United states air mail.
On macOS this is located at
/usr/local/etc/openssl/openssl.cnf or if it isn't there you can copy
/usr/local/etc/openssl/openssl.cnf.default to that path as a starting point, and edit from there.
On linux it may be in one of the following locations:
The changes you need to make are as follows:
uncomment these lines, they enable needed functionality:
comment out these lines, they add nothing and get in the way:
and modify the following values as indicated:
modify the following values as desired:
specify all your development domains
add the following on a new line under
keyUsage = nonRepudiation, digitalSignature, keyEncipherment:
Using a separate top level domain (TLD) for development allows you to access the production site at the proper url, while having easy access to your development sites. This guide will use
.dev and will go into more detail about how to set this up below in the DNS section.
While no browser accepts wildcard certificates for entire top level domains, if you are developing a large number of micro services or sites that share a domain and have added a wildcard for the domain to the list of alt names in the certificate, then you can simply add more sites to your setup without changing your certificate and by using mass deployment you don't have to modify your web server or app server configs to spin up another site, simply create it in the correct directory.
A working sample is provided below
Replace occurrences of example.dev with your own domain:
Add CA.pl to your path:
|Red Hat, CentOS, Fedora, Amazon Linux, Scientific Linux|
Create Your Certificate Authority
The changes you made to
openssl.cnf will allow the certificates produced with your CA to be accepted by modern browsers. You can hold enter/return to accept the default values for each question you get asked by the script, with the exception of the passphrase which must be at least 4 characters long.
Trust your new certificate authority root certificate:
The previous command will have created a new subdirectory called demoCA, you’ll need to install the certificate authority root certificate from the new demoCA dir into your system keychain (and/or Firefox) to prevent your browser from warning you about broken SSL.
|macOS with Safari or Chrome:|
|Debian, Ubuntu with Chrome:|
|Fedora 19+, RHEL/CentOS 7+ Chrome:|
|Any OS with Firefox:|
|Any *nix OS with Curl:|| Pass the |
create the new server certificate/key pair:
You can accept all the defaults, as you already customized them earlier.
Configure Passenger + Nginx
example.dev with your domain, and set the paths to your app and the certificate/key pair you created:
Generate the Diffie-Hellman parameters file using this command:
Since you need the domain you visit in your browser to match the SSL certificate, you still need to direct all your development traffic back to localhost. One option is to edit your hosts file (located at
/etc/hosts) and add entries to redirect each development domain back to your computer. That solution works*, but doesn't scale well. Next I'll describe setting up Dnsmasq & configuring your own top level domain in order to save having to edit the hosts file repeatedly.
*Note some older versions of macOS actually ignored entries in the hosts file for new top level domains (for example:
.dev stopped working once Google started responding to DNS queries for that top level domain. Google owns
.dev, but they've stated it's for internal use only, so you're unlikely to break anything if you use it, unless you work for Google), which makes using a DNS resolver like Dnsmasq all the more useful, because you workaround that bug.
|In Ubuntu 12.10+ use NetworkManager's Dnsmasq:|
Now if you restart your webserver, SSL should be working and your browser shouldn't complain when you visit your app over https.
|Global Traffic Rank||n/a|
|Estimated Page Impressions||n/a|
|Domain Creation Date|
|Web Server Location||Netherlands|
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
When was Pint.info registered?
Pint.info was registered 6333 days ago on Sunday, December 21, 2003.
When has Pint.info expired?
This domain has expired 489 days ago on Saturday, December 21, 2019.
When was the WHOIS for Pint.info last updated?
The WHOIS entry was last updated 675 days ago on Tuesday, June 18, 2019.
What are Pint.info's nameservers?
DNS for Pint.info is provided by the nameservers ns1.eftydns.com and ns2.eftydns.com.
Who is the registrar for the Pint.info domain?
The domain has been registered at eNom, Inc. You can visit the registrar's website at www.enom.com.
What IP address does Pint.info resolve to?
Pint.info resolves to the IPv4 address 220.127.116.11.
In what country are Pint.info servers located in?
What webserver software does Pint.info use?
Pint.info is powered by 'nginx/1.14.0 (Ubuntu)' webserver.
Domain WHOIS Record
|Top-Level Domain (TLD)||.info|
|TLD Type||Generic Top-Level Domain (gTLD)|
|Domain Updated Date|
|Domain Creation Date|
|Domain Expiry Date|
|.info Sponsoring Organisation||Afilias Limited|
|.info WHOIS Server||whois.afilias.net|
|.info Registry URL|
IP Address and Server Location
|Location||Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands|
|Latitude||52.3534 / 52°21′12″ N|
|Longitude||4.9087 / 4°54′31″ E|
Website and Web Server Information
|Website Title||Pint.info domain name is for sale. Inquire now.|
|Website Description||Pint.info is available for purchase. Get in touch to discuss the possibilities!|
|Server Software||nginx/1.14.0 (Ubuntu)|
DNS Resource Records
|@||SOA||ns1.eftydns.com. root.eftydns.com. 2017092801 28800 7200 1209600 3600|
|@||TXT||v=spf1 a mx ~all|
Reverse IP - Websites on the same IP Address
Websites with Similar Names
Related Keyword Analyses
Brew Nginx Start
|crooked pint duluth mn|
|1 pint in grams|
|half pint of hennessy|
|cinnabon frosting pint|
|crooked pint onalaska|
|lone pint laser kraken|
|2 cups to pint|
Brew Nginx Php
See also: Domain List - Page 1,413,432