Sophos Utm Up2date

  1. An Up2Date was released today for Astaro Security Gateway Version 8. This Up2Date is designed to improve the stability of your V8 installation, offers some security patches, and acts as the new target landing version for appliance users who one-touch upgrade to ASG V8 via the 7.508 Up2Date which will be released next week.
  2. Release Notification Sophos UTM: Up2Date 9.603 Released! By [email protected] On May 28, 2019 at 11:06 UTC. Brand Representative for Sophos.
  3. As announced with UTM 9.6, UTM endpoint management will be end of life by the end of this year. UTM 9.7 will no longer include the option for Endpoint Management for the UTM Managed Endpoints, Sophos SEC integration is still part of UTM 9.7. Up2Date Information 9.7 EAP1 to 9.7 GA.

Implement a mechanism whereby it is possible to install system up2date packages via a scheduled time each day, week, month, etc. Or one-time operation, such as 'This tuesday at 3am'. Allows administrators to keep the astaro's updated without manual operations or using ACC. If you are interested in Sophos UTM but haven’t yet purchased it, follow the link to sign up for a free trial. Alternatively, if you want a free trial of the Sophos Firewall products then follow the link to sign up for a Sophos Firewallor Sophos Firewall Manager free trial. Complete unified threat management for your network.

Office 365 needs some IPs and URLs to be directly accessed without a proxy. Automate this with SophosEndpoints.

In this article we will cover the following points:

  1. Configure Sophos UTM (enable RESTful Api & add local user)
  2. Install SophosEndpoints
  3. How to use SophosEndpoints
  4. Configure AD for Group Managed Service Accounts
  5. Create scheduled task for automation

Configure Sophos UTM

In order to use the SophosEndpoints Module we have to enable the RESTful API and create a new API key mapped to a local user:

  1. Login to the WebAdmin GUI
  2. Go to Management > WebAdmin Settings > RESTful API
  3. Activate Enable RESTful API

Take a note of the URL of the API Endpoint (without the trailing slash), you are going to need this later.

To generate an API token, perform the following steps:

  1. Login to the WebAdmin GUI
  2. Go to Management > WebAdmin Settings > RESTful API > New API Token
  3. Map the token to a local Sophos UTM user (not an AD integrated account)
  4. (Optionally) under Advanced Settings create a whitelist with the IP of the machine you are going to use to run the scheduled task on.
  5. Click Save

Take a note of the API token, you are going to need this later.

If you don't have a local user account, create a new one:

  1. Login to the WebAdmin GUI
  2. Go to Management > Definitions & Users > Users & Groups
  3. Click on New User… and set Authentication to Local

The user must have administrative permissions.

Install SophosEndpoints

The SophosEndpoints Module can be installed from PowerShell Gallery. Open an elevated PowerShell on the machine you are going to create the scheduled task on. Run the following cmdlet.

Alternatively you can download SophosEndpoints from GitHub, unprotect the downloaded zip file and copy the SophosEndpoints folder to a folder in your PowerShell Path environment.

How to use SophosEndpoints

After installing the module you can use the cmdlet Set-EndpointsInUtm to update IPs and URLs used by Microsoft directly in Sophos UTM.

Sophos Utm Up2date Download

The most important parameters you are going to use are:

UtmApiUrl: This is the URL of the API Endpoint (without the trailing slash) and tells the cmdlet how to contact Sophos UTM.
Example value:
Default value (if you omit the parameter): https://sophos:4444/api

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UtmApiKey: This is the API token we just created. This is needed to authenticate against Sophos UTM.
Example value: jHjhasjkhjhHUmqoPasdqN

TenantName: This is the name of your Office 365 tenant. It is the first part of your address. E. g. This is needed to customize some URLs like
Example value: testlab
Default value: null

UtmIpPrefix: This is the prefix that is added to every network that is created by the Set-EndpointsInUtm. This should be unique, as this is used to identify the autocreated networks.
Example value: “Office 365 Endpoint”
Default value: “Microsoft365 Net”

UtmExceptionPrefix: This is the prefix that is added to every exceptionthat is created by the Set-EndpointsInUtm. This should be unique, as this is used to identify the autocreated exceptions.
Example value: “Office 365 Exception”
Default value: “Microsoft365 Exception”

Sophos Utm Up2date Prefetch Failed

UtmExceptionDisabledChecks: This is an array of strings that represent the checks, that are skipped in the web protection exception. Possible values can contain: ‘av’, ‘cache’, ‘certcheck’, ‘certdate’, ‘check_max_download’, ‘content_removal’, ‘contenttype_blacklist’, ‘extensions’, ‘log_access’, ‘log_blocked’, ‘patience’, ‘ssl_scanning’, ‘url_filter’, ‘user_auth’
Example value: @{‘av’, ‘ssl_scanning’}
Default value: @{‘sslscanning’, ‘user_auth’}

LogFilePath: The Path to a logfile.
Example value: “C:logsSophosEndpoints.log”
Default value: null

Typically you would execute the following in PowerShell:

Another example would be:

Sophos Utm Up2date

If you want to know more about additional parameters and settings run the following cmdlet:

Configure AD for Group Managed Service Accounts

In order to create a scheduled task that is not bound to your user account and automatically changes its password, we use a group managed service account (gMSA). This is much more safe and better to maintenance than your ordinary user account. If you haven't done so already we must first create a KDS Root Key (once per AD forest):


On your Domain Controller - or Adminbox with the ActiveDirectory PowerShell Module installed - open an elevated PowerShell and run the folowing cmdlet:

This takes up to 10 hours to replicate, so be patient - the security gain is worth the wait ;-)

If you are in a test environment (and only then!) you can run Add-KdsRootKey –EffectiveTime ((get-date).addhours(-10)) to create the key without waiting for replication.

Meanwhile we can create a global security group in AD and add the computer objects as members which will be allowed to use the gMSA. In our case the machines which will run the scheduled task. I created a group called SophosMaintainer and added the computer Adminbox as member.

You should restart the machines you added to the group, because group membership is evaluated at startup. Otherwise you won't be able to add the gMSA later on.

Now it is time to create the gMSA. On a DC open an elevated PowerShell and run the New-ADServiceAccount cmdlet. You have to specify a name (this is the sAMAccountName of the gMSA), an DNSHostName (this is the fqdn that the gMSA will be available under), the PrincipalsAllowedToRetrieveManagedPassword (this is the group we just created) and optionally some ServicePrincipalNames. In my testlab environment this is the cmdlet I used.

Next we can install the gMSA on the machine we want to configure the scheduled task. Open an elevated PowerShell on that machine and run the following cmdlets:

That's it, we successfully installed a group managed service account. In the next step we are configuring a scheduled task that runs in the context of this gMSA. In order to run the SophosEndpoints PowerShell the gMSA does not need any special permissions. However if you want to enable logging, you have to grant the gMSA permission to write to the folder in which you want to store the logfile. The gMSA can be referenced as a service account with name testlabupdateSophos$

Create scheduled task for automation

The last step is to create a scheduled task to automate the setting of networks and web protection exception for the Sophos UTM. As we are using a gMSA for the scheduled task we can't create a task using the GUI. We have to do this in PowerShell.

In order to create the task we have to define the action, trigger and principal of the scheduled task. In the action we are going to run a PowerShell script that executes the Set-EndpointsInUtm cmdlet. You should adapt this as explained in the section How to use SophosEndpoints. The trigger defines when the scheduled task will be run and the principal is the account used to execute the task. This is the gMSA we just created.

The content of C:scriptsrunSophosEndpoints.ps1 is in my testlab the following:

To create the scheduled task with these parameters run the following cmdlet.

After the first run you should check the status of the scheduled task. If you specified a LogFilePath you should also check the logs.

That's it, we don't have to worry about manually updating definitions for Office 365 anymore. The most current IPs and URLs used by Microsoft are automatically imported into Sophos UTM!